The County Social Welfare Boards (Boards) decides cases when compulsory measures are needed, and in accordance with the Child Welfare Act (In Norwegian Barnevernloven), the Act Relating to Municipal Health and Care Services (In Norwegian Helse- og Omsorgstjenesteloven), and the Act Relating to the Control of Communicable Diseases (In Norwegian Smittevernloven). With regard to child protection and child welfare, the boards can implement a care order, implement the placement of children and youth with severe behavioural difficulties in an institution, and implement deprival of parental responsibility, adoption. The primary task of the boards is to make decisions regarding child protection and child welfare. The most common types of child welfare cases will be referred to as Types of Cases.
In accordance with the Act Related to Municipal Health and Care Services, the board can make a decision to place drug and/or alcohol addicts in a compulsory treatment institution for a period of up to 3 months. If it is clearly probable that a child will be born with an injury, the board may rule that pregnant drug and/or alcohol addicts may be given compulsory placement in an institution, and remain there for the duration of the pregnancy.
The County Social Welfare Board in Oslo and Akershus is the National Authority for Contagious Disease Protection (In Norwegian Smittevernnemnd). This board in particular, has the authority to make decisions about compulsory medical examinations (In Norwegian Tvangsundersøkelse), and compulsory medical isolation/quarantine of persons infected with certain contagious diseases.
The boards also serve as the appellate board for certain compulsory measures concerning the mentally disabled.