Proceedings

The majority of board cases are treated in a case negotiation meeting. These meetings follow the main principles of the Norwegian courts.

The County Social Welfare Boards (Boards) are a decision-making authority.  The boards never initiate a case.  In the area of child protection and child welfare, it is primarily the municipal child welfare service, the parents, or the children (who have their own rights as parties) who present cases to the board.  The Board will make a ruling on the case.

The boards are under an obligation to handle cases in a satisfactory, expeditious, and confidence-inspiring manner.  According to the law, the proceedings will be adapted to the nature of the case, the scope, and the level of complexity.  Most cases have a negotiation meeting (In Norwegian - forhandlingsmøte) before a decision is made. This is a thorough and comprehensive type of case management, and takes time. The procedures in such cases are almost identical with the case management used by the Courts of Justice in comparable cases.  In certain cases, the boards may use a simplified proceeding.

In urgent situations, where there is no time to wait for a board proceeding, the head of the municipal child welfare administration (In Norwegian barnevernlederen i kommunen), or the prosecuting authority (In Norwegian - påtalemyndigheten) may implement an interim care order (In Norwegian akuttvedtak). The conditions for adopting such temporary measures are stringent. Because such temporary measures can be the object of complaints, there are special procedural rules for these appeals. The Child Welfare Act allows probationary measures to be implemented with a selected board.  An attempt to resolve some of these cases will be through an interview process (In Norwegian samtaleprosess).

Case decisions made by the boards can be overruled by the District Court (In Norwegian Tingretten). The deadline to lodge legal proceedings is 1 month. The deadline date is calculated from the date when the notification of the measure was received.

Case Negotiation Meeting

A case negotiation meeting is initiated when the municipal child welfare authority, the parents, or children with their own rights as a party submit a claim. The board is required by law to handle the case. Read more about Case Negotiation Meeting

Simplified Treatment, Without a Negotiation Meeting

The board may handle a case without a case negotiation meeting if either of the parties to the case agree, or if the case is about an alteration of an existing decision. Under both conditions, the board chair must find the Simplified Treatment unobjectionable. Read more about Simplified Treatment, Without a Negotiation Meeting

Emergency Order

The municipal leader for child welfare services or prosecuting authorities can implement a temporary emergency order. Read more about Emergency Order

Appeal Against Emergency Order

When parents or a child with rights as a party disagree with an emergency order, they may complain to the board. Read more about Appeal Against Emergency Order

Dialogue Process

The board chair invites the parties of the case to dialogue with the purpose of communication to potentially reach an agreement. Read more about Dialogue Process